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Financial Literacy Quiz

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How financially literate are you? Do you have the skills and knowledge to spend money wisely, save for emergencies, use credit cards sensibly, and protect your identity from being stolen?

This short quiz will help you test your financial literacy to see where you need to focus to improve your financial future.

1. A credit report is:
a. A list of your financial assets and liabilities
b. Your monthly credit card statement
c. A loan and bill payment history
d. Your credit line with your financial institution

2. In terms of credit, what does APR stand for?
a. Annual Percentage Rate
b. Annual Penalty Rate
c. Annual Payment Rate
d. Annual Payoff Rate

3. The type of car you own affects the price you pay for auto insurance.
True
False

4. If your credit card is lost or stolen and used to charge items you didn't authorize, how much may you be responsible for?
a. Up to $50
b. Up to $100
c. Up to $500
d. All unauthorized charges

5. Negative financial information (excluding bankruptcy) can stay on your credit report for up to:
a. 2 years
b. 5 years
c. 7 years
d. 10 years

6. By using unit pricing at the grocery store, you can easily compare the cost of any brand and any package size.
True
False

7. The "Rule of 72" tells you how long it will take to double your money.
True
False

8. What is an advantage of a Roth IRA?
a. You can be any age to contribute
b. You’ll never pay taxes on withdrawals of your contributions
c. There are no required minimum distributions
d. All of the above

9. What is the biggest factor in determining your credit score?
a. Debt Usage
b. Payment History
c. Credit Age
d. Credit Inquires
e. Accounting Mix

10. What are the three major credit bureaus in the United States?
a. Experian, Equifax, TransUnion
b. Bank of America, American Express, Visa
c. Chase Manhattan, Mastercard, Citibank

Answers:

1. (C) A credit report is a loan and bill payment history.

It is kept by a credit bureau and used by financial institutions and other creditors to determine how likely you will repay a future debt. Information in your credit report can affect your ability to get a job, a loan, a credit card, or insurance. You can get a free copy of your report at AnnualCreditReport.com

2. (A) It stands for Annual Percentage Rate.

The APR is a measure of the cost of credit, expressed as a yearly interest rate. Usually, the lower the APR, the better for you.

3. True.

Your premium is based in part on the car's sticker price, the cost to repair it, its overall safety record, and the likelihood of theft. Many insurers offer discounts for features that enhance safety or prevent theft. These include air bags, antilock brakes, daytime running lights, and antitheft devices. Some states require insurers to give discounts for cars equipped with air bags or antilock brakes.

4. (A) You may be responsible for up to $50.

Under the Fair Credit Billing Act, your maximum liability for unauthorized use of your credit card is $50. If you report the loss or theft before your credit cards are used, the FCBA says you are not responsible for any unauthorized charges. If a thief uses your cards before you report them missing, the most you will owe for unauthorized charges is $50 per card.

5. (C) 7 years.

Late payments can stay on your report for 7 years; a Chapter 7 bankruptcy remains for 10 years.

6. True.

While the package price tells you the cost of the whole item, the unit price tells you the price of each unit in a package. A unit can be an ounce, a pound, a square foot, or an individual piece in a package. Unit pricing helps you compare costs of different brands and various sizes without doing arithmetic.

7. True.

The "Rule of 72" tells you how long it will take to double your money. To use the "Rule of 72," divide 72 by the interest rate you're getting. For example, if you deposit $3,000 into an account with a 2% interest rate, divide 72 by 2. The answer--36--tells you that you will double your money in 36 years; in 36 years, you will have $6,000.

8. (D) All of the above are advantages of a Roth IRA.
You can be any age to contribute to a Roth IRA. You’ll never pay taxes on withdrawals of your Roth IRA contributions. And you won’t pay taxes on withdrawals of your earnings as long as you take them after you’ve reached age 59½ and you’ve met the 5-year-holding-period requirement. Also, Roth IRAs have no required minimum distributions.

9. (B) Payment History.
There are 5 components that make up your credit score: payment history (35%), debt usage (30%), credit age (15%), accounting mix (10%), and credit inquires (10%).

10. (A) Experian, Equifax, TransUnion.

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Copyright 2018 Credit Union National Association Inc. Information subject to change without notice. For use with members of a single credit union. All other rights reserved.

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